The Magnificent Cucumber

Cucumbers do so much more than just decrease puffy eyes, they have so many vitamins and antioxidants you need every day.  Just one cucumber contains:  Vitamin A, Vitamin C, Vitamin K, Vitamin D, Vitamin B1, Vitamin B2, Vitamin B3, Vitamin B5, Vitamin B6, Folic Acid, Calcium, Iron, Magnesium, Phosphorus, Potassium, Zinc, and enzymes.

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Here are a few benefits of each vitamin contained in cucumbers:

  • Vit A:  Smooths, firms skin
  • Vit C:  Brightens, antioxidant, skin lightening
  • Vit K:  Reduces dark circles

Cucumber-for-Natural-Beauty-Post

  • Vit D:  Firms the skin
  • Vit B1:  Responsible for converting sugar into energy
  • Vit B2:  Useful in preventing conditions such as acne, dermatitis, arthritis, and eczema.  Helps clear the skin, Helps repair damaged tissues and allows wounds to heal more quickly.

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  • Vit B3:  Decrease in heart disease and helps lower the level of bad cholesterol.
  • Vit B5:  Patients having undergone surgery may be prescribed vitamin B5 supplements to ensure speedy healing and can prevent acne and hair loss
  • Vit B6:  Help the process of metabolism, tissue repair, cell production.
  • Folic Acid:  Fetal development, Production of red blood cells, Helps in depression, Helps keep brain young

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  • Calcium:  Prevents osteoporosis;  Keeps you slim and trim;  may combat cancer;  heart-healthy
  • Iron:  Hemoglobin formation, oxygen carrier, muscle function, brain function.
  • Magnesium:  Transmission of nerve impulses, body temperature regulation, detoxification, energy production, and the formation of healthy bones and teeth.
  • Phosphorus:  healthy bone formation, improved digestion, regulates excretion, protein formation, hormonal balance, improved energy extraction, cellular repair
  • Potassium:  Good for the heart, Water level regulator, Pain management, strengthens the bones and the muscles, while promoting faster healing of injuries like cuts and bruises, Mental ability booster.

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  • Zinc:  Regulates immune function, treats diarrhea, helps improve learning and memory, treats the common cold, heals wounds.
  • Enzymes:  Anti-inflammatory
  • Cool temp:  Decreases swelling
  • Cucumbers are also made of 95% water, which makes them a super hydrator.  Add cucumbers to water to make a super power drink.  With all the nutrients and benefits listed, you could be reaping benefits like great skin and a heathy body just by adding a few slices to your water.

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  •  Want to avoid a hangover or terrible headache? Eat a few cucumber slices before going to bed and wake up refreshed and headache free. Cucumbers contain enough sugar, B vitamins and electrolytes to replenish essential nutrients the body lost, keeping everything in equilibrium, avoiding both a hangover and headache

  • Looking to fight off that afternoon or evening snacking binge? Cucumbers have been used for centuries and often used by European trappers, traders and explores for quick meals to thwart off starvation.
  • Looking for a fast and easy way to remove cellulite before going out or to the pool? Try rubbing a slice or two of cucumbers along your problem area for a few minutes, the phytochemical in the cucumber cause the collagen in your skin to tighten, firming up the outer layer and reducing the visibility of cellulite. Works great on wrinkles too!!!

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  • Stressed out and don’t have time for massage, facial or visit to the spa? Cut up an entire cucumber and place it in a boiling pot of water, the chemicals and nutrients from the cucumber will react with the boiling water and released in the steam, creating a soothing, relaxing aroma that has been shown to reduce stress in new mothers and college students during final exams.
  • Just finished a business lunch and realize you don’t have gum or mints? Take a slice of cucumber and press it to the roof of your mouth with your tongue for 30 seconds to eliminate bad breath, the photochemical will kill the bacteria in your mouth responsible for causing bad breath.

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In addition to these health benefits, cucumbers have many house-hold uses as well:

 

  • Tired of your bathroom mirror fogging up after a shower? Try rubbing a cucumber slice along the mirror, it will eliminate the fog and provide a soothing, spa-like fragrance.bathroom-mirror-defog
  • Are grubs and slugs ruining your planting beds? Place a few slices in a small pie tin and your garden will be free of pests all season long. The chemicals in the cucumber react with the aluminum to give off a scent undetectable to humans but drive garden pests crazy and make them flee the area.
  • Out of WD 40 and need to fix a squeaky hinge? Take a cucumber slice and rub it along the problematic hinge, and voila, the squeak is gone!

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  • Have an important meeting or job interview and you realize that you don’t have enough time to polish your shoes? Rub a freshly cut cucumber over the shoe, its chemicals will provide a quick and durable shine that not only looks great but also repels water.              
  • Looking for a ‘green’ way to clean your faucets, sinks or stainless steel? Take a slice of cucumber and rub it on the surface you want to clean, not only will it remove years of tarnish and bring back the shine, but it won’t leave streaks and won’t harm you fingers or fingernails while you clean.
  • Using a pen and made a mistake? Take the outside of the cucumber and slowly use it to erase the pen writing, also works great on crayons and markers that the kids have used to decorate the walls!

Now that’s an incredible vegetable!

Hugs, Fiona

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Organic Passion Peptide Resurfacing Treatment – 10 steps to closer to peeling!

Well… Summer’s just about over and your skin has taken a lot of abuse. UV rays have broken down collagen and weakened elastin.. Your skin may have a healthy tan, but deep down, your dehydrated, pigmented skin is yelling for help.

Here’s a great treatment I had done a few weeks ago by Alexis Robertson, Image Skincare Massachusetts Territory Manager and Educator (click here to visit & LIKE her Facebook Page).

This fabulous treatment will help your skin get back to optimal health and ready for peel season!
(Only to be done by your aesthetic professional)

Organic Passion Peptide Resurfacing Treatment step by step:

1. Double cleanse. First cleanse is done with Vital C hydrating cleanser.  A creamy, hydrating cleanser that removes all makeup and impurities. With its famous orange peel smell and a luxurious creamy feel, your skin will soak up all the goodness resulting in nothing but a soft glow.

2. Second cleanser: Ormedic Balancing Gel Cleanser. This gentle cleanser leaves your skin squeaky clean without any build-up or residue. Organic green tea, chamomile, and a harmonizing blend of comfrey, calendula and rich botanicals, deliver essential nutrients to restore your skin’s natural balance. Leaves skin soft, hydrated, and naturally clean.

Step 3. The Organic Passion Fruit/Peptide Resurfacing Solution is applied and made from a blend of passion fruit, pineapple, papaya, & pumpkin extracts to exfoliate dead & dry skin. Organic licorice to lighten skin. Hyaluronic Acid to hydrate. Antioxidants to protect and restore, such as Organic Japanese Green Tea & finally mango extract for that unforgettable summer aroma!
 

This layer stays on for a good 5 minutes, then rinsed off.  Your skin will already look & feel fantastic!

4. Next, comes a layer of the Ormedic Balancing Soothing Gel Masque..

An ultra-gentle, organic cooling gel masque formulated for compromised, inflamed or irritated skin. Organic Aloe Vera, Arnica Montana and licorice quickly help reduce redness and other signs of irritation while bringing sensitive skin into healthy balance. (Also may used at home 3 times a week for highly reactive, rosacea or acneic skin types).  Check out the list of key ingredients below… What an incredible masque!

5. After removing the Gel Masque, a 25% hyaluronic acid (HA) facial enhancer is applied. HA is a super hydrator and is well known for its plumping & filling effect, which is what Juvederm and other injectable fillers are made of.

It’s also a major component of skin, where it is involved in tissue repair. When skin is exposed to excessive UVB rays, it becomes inflamed (sunburn) and the cells in the dermis stop producing as much HA, and increase the rate of its deterioration. HA deterioration products then accumulate in the skin after UV exposure. (This is one of the reasons why this treatment is great after a summer of sun!)

6. Then, a layer of the Ormedic Balancing Antioxidant Serum. This unbelievable serum is “A silky, ultra hydrating botanical serum infused with organic Japanese green tea, Aloe Vera and a copper-complex peptide. Perfectly absorbed, it continuously balances your skin from within and lastingly restores its ideal moisture level. Leaves your skin intensely hydrated with a healthy glow.”
(www.imageskincare.com)… My description wasn’t as “on-point” as theirs.. 🙂

7. Next… (oh yes.. there’s more!) we apply 25% Antioxidant Facial Enhancer.  (which, BTW was added to the first layer as well):

Step 8. Ormedic Balancing Eye Lift Gel..
Smoothes and diminishes fine lines
Instantly hydrates Eyes
Diminishes dark circles
Relaxes crows feet

9. Daily Defense Tinted Moisturizer… My fav SPF!!
This pure physical broad spectrum UVA/UVB moisturizer provides an even skin tone and healthy glow while protecting against the damaging effects of the sun. Enriched with essential vitamins and potent anti-oxidants as free radical scavengers.

10. Lastly, the Ormedic Balancing Lip Enhancement Treatment.. I love this!
A super hydrating anti-aging polypeptide lip complex, which dramatically enhances the appearance of lip contours. Adding up to 40% more moisture, volume and reducing fine lines with repeat usage. (I also love using this lip treat after lip augmentations… lips look and feel amazing!)

And that’s it!

Oh, and just in case any of you fell in love with any of these product, Some (not all) can be purchased and used at home. Here’s a list of them and a link to my online store:

Vital C Hydrating Facial Cleanser

Ormedic Balancing Facial Cleanser

Ormedic Balancing Soothing Gel Masque

Ormedic Balancing Anti-Oxidant Serum

Ormedic Balancing Eye Lift Gel

Daily Defense Tinted Moisturizer SPF 30

Ormedic Balancing Lip Enhancement Treatment

Fiona’s Skincare Shop

Now that pool season is over, let peel season begin!

Hugs,

Fiona

Don’t Sweat It… Try Botox!

In 2004, the FDA approved the use of Botox for hyperhidrosis or severe underarm sweating.

Hyperhidrosis is a medical condition caused by over stimulated sweat glands. People with this condition often produce four to five times more sweat than people who do not suffer from hyperhidrosis.

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Hyperhidrosis triggers:

  • exercise
  • heat or cold
  • alcohol, coffee, tea, smoking , hot or spicy food
  • stress , anxiety, strong emotions

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How to diagnose Hyperhydrosis?

If there is excessive sweating of at least 6 months duration with at least two of the following characteristics then primary Hyperhydrosis is present and this can be treated with Botox.

  • Bilateral and relatively symmetrical sweating
  • Impairs daily activity
  • At least one episode per week
  • Onset before the age of 25 years
  • Positive family history
  • Cessation of sweating during sleep

deodorant

What can be done:

BOTOX®  has proven to be an effective hyperhidrosis treatment. When injected into the underarm area, BOTOX® helps to control hyperhidrosis.

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How does it work?

A small volume of BOTOX® solution is injected through a very fine gauge needle into the underarm area.  BOTOX® works by temporarily blocking the chemical signals from the nerves that stimulate the sweat glands. When these glands no longer receive the chemical signals, the excessive underarm sweating stops. The procedure takes about 5-10 minutes, is relatively painless, and the effects of the treatment have been reported to last 6-9 months (Results vary from person to person and eventually will wear off).  Depending on the severity of the hyperhidrosis, multiple injections may be needed.

botox_injections-hyperhidrosis

Within 1-2 weeks of the initial treatment there will be significant reduction in underarm sweating. There is a possibility that some sweat glands may be missed during BOTOX® hyperhidrosis treatment. If this occurs, underarm sweating may continue from the untreated areas and a touch-up treatment may be needed.

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How much does it cost?

For optimal results, 100 units of BOTOX® (50 units under each arm) is needed, which can run anywhere between $1000-$1500.

Pre Treatment Instructions:

  • Shave underarms 24 hours prior to procedure.
  • 2 hours before procedure avoid hot beverages or going to gym (if doing “The Starch Test”).
  • Abstain from use of over-the-counter deodorants or antiperspirants for 24 hours (if doing “The Starch Test”).
  • Do not consume a alcoholic beverages for 24 hours prior to the procedure.
  • Avoid taking Aspirin or Ibuprofen 24 hours prior to the procedure (please check with your Primary Care Physician if you take either medication on a daily basis for an existing condition)

The Starch Test:

The “Starch Test” is sometimes performed to view where the affected areas of perspiration are located.  Not all providers perform this test, as it has been said to be  unnecessary.  Most providers inject into the area of hair growth, since sweat glands lie just next to each hair follicle.

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Starch Test Info:

Patients should shave underarms and abstain from use of over-the-counter deodorants or antiperspirants for 24 hours prior to the test. Patient should be resting comfortably without exercise, hot drinks, etc for approximately 30 minutes prior to the test.

Here’s what to expect:

Iodine solution will be painted on.

Starch powder will then be sprinkled and allow to settle for 10 minutes.
A blue-black mark will identify affected area of persperation.
The area will then be circled and marked.
BOTOX® is then injected just beside each pen mark.

Post Treatment Instructions:

  • No deodorant for 12 hours
  • No heavy exercise for 24 hours
  • After Botox injections gently clean and dry your underarm using a mild soap/cleanser.
  • You may begin to experience results within 7 days, full effectiveness is achieved at 14 days.
  • Until the maximum effectiveness of the BOTOX® injection is achieved you can continue to use over the counter antiperspirants.
  • Contact your injector, if you are still experiencing sweating in the treated area after 14 days.

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Ultherapy… An Uplift, Not a Facelift!

When patients initially come to see me, a common request I hear is, “I want to look younger, but not plastic”.  My immediate response it “Ultherapy!”

Usually with an enticing look on their face, they say “what is that?”…

Well, to give you a brief summary, here’s what I usually say: “Ultherapy or Ulthera will tone loose or wrinkled skin by using the body’s own healing response. Ulthera will tighten the neck and jowls or lift a sagging brow, for example, which in turn reduces the excess eyelid skin, giving the eyes a more refreshed appearance.  It requires no special preparation and results typically appear after one treatment. The ultimate lifting will take two to three months, as rejuvenated, stronger collagen replaces the existing tired collagen in your skin.”

To get a little bit more detailed, I’ve included a few frequently asked questions about Ultherapy:

What is Ultherapy?

Ultherapy is a non-surgical face treatment that uses ultrasound to actually lift and tone loose or sagging skin without any downtime by using the body’s own healing response.

What is so different about this procedure?

Ultherapy is the only non-invasive treatment that can specifically target the deep foundation below the skin that is addressed in cosmetic surgery without cutting or disrupting the surface of the skin. It is also the only procedure to use ultrasound imaging, which allows us to actually see the layers of tissue we target during treatment and ensure the energy is deposited precisely to where it will be most effective.

How does Ulthera work?

Ultherapy deposits focused ultrasound energy below the surface of the skin to stimulate the body’s creation of new collagen. As a result, skin will actually begin to lift and tone over time.

What does collagen do?

Collagen is a natural protein that gives skin its youthfulness by keeping it firmed, toned and elastic. As we age, collagen loses its elasticity and its ability to stand up to the effects of gravity that pull the skin downward. Ultherapy jump starts a repair process that produces fresh, new collagen.

Is Ultherapy surgery?

No. Unlike a face lift, Ultherapy is a non-invasive procedure that addresses the skin and support layers below it, but doesn’t entail cutting or disrupting the surface of the skin.

Can Ultherapy replace a face lift?

Ultherapy is an “uplift” not a “face lift.” While it is not a replacement for surgery, it is a viable option for those not ready for a face lift or those looking to prolong the effects of cosmetic surgery.

How is Ultherapy different from lasers?

Lasers typically address issues in the superficial layers of the skin (e.g. fine lines, wrinkles, pigment changes). Ultherapy addresses the deep skin layer and the foundational layer addressed in cosmetic surgery that lift and lend support to the skin. Therefore, the two technologies are quite complementary!

Is Ultherapy safe?

The procedure has been cleared by the FDA after demonstrating safety in clinical studies, and tens of thousands of treatments have been performed safely worldwide. In addition, ultrasound energy has a proven track record, with use in the field of medicine for more than 50 years.

Who is a good candidate for Ultherapy?

A good candidate for Ultherapy is someone with skin that has “relaxed” to the point of looking, and often feeling, less firm. A lowered eyebrow line or sagging skin on the eyelids, for instance, is often the first sign of “maturing” skin. Typically, those in their thirties and older who have mild to moderate skin laxity are candidates.

While Ultherapy is not a replacement for a surgical face lift, there are many people who want some lifting but are not ready for surgery, either mentally, financially or logistically. There are also younger people who want to “stay ahead of the game” as well as those looking to prolong the effects of cosmetic surgery.

How long does the ultrasound treatment take?

A full face treatment takes 45-60 minutes, and a partial face or brow lift treatment can take around 30 minutes–neither with any downtime. This is why it’s been nick-named “The lunch-time face-lift”.

What problem areas does Ultherapy target? What kind of results do you get?

Ultherapy addresses mild to moderate loose or sagging skin. Specifically, by reconditioning and renewing the skin from within, Ultherapy will lift the brow, which in turn reduces excess skin on the lids, opens up the eyes, and gives a more refreshed look overall.

How long until I see results?

Patients may enjoy some initial effect but the ultimate lifting and toning will take place over 2-3 months, as tired collagen is replaced with new, more elastic collagen. As this collagen-building process continues, further improvements can appear up to 6 months following a procedure.

How long do results last?

Patients treated with Ultherapy still have fresh young collagen after a year’s time following the procedure, but skin continues to age. Future touch-up treatments can help keep pace with the aging process, which varies by individual.

Will I need more than one treatment?

The majority of patients only need one treatment; however, some may benefit from more than one treatment (depending on how much laxity they have and their body’s own biological response to the ultrasound and collagen-building process).

Is there any downtime?

Ultherapy is an entirely non-invasive procedure and as such, there is no downtime. You are able to return to your normal activities right away, and there are no special measures you need to take.

Will I feel the ultrasound during the treatment?

Yes. What you are feeling during the treatment is actually tiny amounts of focused ultrasound energy being deposited below the surface of the skin.

What does it feel like?

Comfort thresholds vary from patient to patient, but there can be some discomfort while the ultrasound energy is being delivered. This is temporary and a positive signal that the collagen-building process has been initiated.

Your practitioner will consult with you prior to your skin treatment to make your experience as pleasant as possible. Patients typically leave comfortable and excited about the benefits to come!

Are there any side effects?

There may be slight redness for up to an hour or so following the treatment, and a small percentage of patients may have slight swelling, tingling or tenderness to touch, but these are mild and temporary in nature. There is always the possibility for other less common post-procedural effects, which your practitioner will review with you.

How much does it cost?

Prices can range anywhere between $275 – $2500 per treatment.

So… does it really work?  Yes! I’ve seen the magnificent results and will be going in for my own treatment soon!.. Very excited!

To find out more about Ulthera, you can read about it in these featured magazines or click on the link below to see exclusive videos:

Ulthera in the Media!

Ulthera treatments are performed by Fiona at the following location:

Office of Dr. Joseph Russo, Board Certified, Harvard trained Plastic Surgeon

575 Boylston Street

Newton Centre, MA

Contact Fiona at 855-RN-BOTOX to schedule your appointment for this amazing treatment

Hugs,

Fiona

OTC vs. Cosmeceuticals

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People often wonder and ask me, “What’s the difference between an over-the-counter (OTC) skin care product and a professional or cosmeceutical skin care product?”

As I’ve come to learn over time… OTC beauty products are regulated by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and can only penetrate the first layer of your skin…aka the “dead layer”. Professional products (cosmeceuticals) are not controlled by the FDA and penetrate the bottom layers of the epidermis… aka “live tissue”!

Now you may be wondering how this is possible… Let me explain.

The FDA recognizes two categories: pharmaceutical and OTC cosmetics, which are defined as…

Pharmaceutical or drug:

“Articles intended for use in the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of disease” and “articles (other than food) intended to affect the structure or any function of the body of man or other animals” [FD&C Act, sec. 201(g)(1)].

Topical pharmaceuticals penetrate through the layers of the epidermis and affect the structure and function of the skin (think of prescription topical steroids or Retin-A).

OTC Cosmetic:

“Articles intended to be rubbed, poured, sprinkled, or sprayed on, introduced into, or otherwise applied to the human body…for cleansing, beautifying, promoting attractiveness, or altering the appearance without affecting the body’s structure or function.” [FD&C Act, sec. 201(i)].

Since many consumers “self-diagnose” when choosing a skin care product from a department/drug store, these products must be made safely. Meaning, big cosmetic companies cannot afford to have a huge number of consumers with issues from using very active products — so, that skin care product may feel good and smell good, but, most likely won’t have a lot of activity in its formulation.

Also, since cosmetic companies really don’t have to prove efficacy, the special active ingredient listed in the formula only has to appear somewhere on the ingredient list – ingredients are listed in content order, from most to least, so if you see that ”active” on the last half of the list (usually alphabetically) you can bet you are getting a tiny percentage (enough to be effective in the formulation?) of that specific ingredient.

Lastly, OTC cosmetics are also manufactured and distributed in very large batches, and are packed with almost as many preservatives as “active” ingredients! Many over-the-counter cosmetics simply do not penetrate the skin barrier, where the ingredient formula would have a therapeutic benefit to the skin.

Oh, and btw… Sephora, Macy’s, Nordstrom, & Saks products (to name a few)… Are all OTC!

Now, the FDA does not recognize the term “cosmeceutical”, but here’s its definition:

Cosmeceutical:

The term “cosmeceutical” was created in 1990s from cosm(etic) + (pharma)ceutic. It’s a cosmetic product claimed to have medicinal or drug-like benefits. Cosmeceutical products are marketed as cosmetics, but reputedly contain biologically active ingredients. While drugs are subject to a review and approval process by FDA, cosmetics are not. In other words, the formula does not technically have to prove efficacy or safety, but it does contain an ingredient that may have activity in the skin.

My favorite, and the one & only Cosmeceutical Line I use:

Love my lucky Image Skincare t-shirt!

FYI… it’s not just about one really fabulous ingredient — it’s the mixture of the right amounts of active ingredients working together that works best in the skin, similar to how oral multivitamins work internally in our bodies with a mixture of vitamins and minerals for best absorption.

So, since nurses & estheticians do not prescribe pharmaceutical products, offering a well formulated and tested cosmeceutical line, like Image Skincare, is the next best option to pharmaceuticals. Cosmeceuticals that are professionally recommended by a licensed skin care professional generally have a higher amount of active ingredients with proven and safe formulations, and offer delivery systems that reach targeted cells in the skin. To put it simply… It really works and you will see results!

Now you may think that these great products will cost you an arm and a leg, but no, you’re wrong.

I did a little research to show you the difference in price of OTC products vs Image Skincare (Cosmeceutical) products.

Here’s a couple of screen shots I took to show you prices from some popular Cosmetic stores, as well as prices for Image Skincare products from my Skincare Shop:

OTC Product Prices:

Image Skincare (cosmeceutical) Product Prices:

Hugs,

Fiona

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The Botox Stigma

Why does Botox still have a negative connotation?

For some people, hearing the word Botox paints a picture of a plastic woman with a frozen face. Other people think “rat poison”. What’s the reason behind all this negativity?  In my opinion, there are two main reasons:   Reality shows where someone went too far and lack of knowledge.

Hopefully this blog post will alter any negative perspectives out there and turn them into positive ones.

Let’s start with the most basic questions…

What is Botox?
Botox (onabotulinumtoxinA) is a two-chain polypeptide protein and neurotoxin produced by a purified form of bacterium Clostridium botulinum.
“Purified” being the key word here…

How does Botox work?
Botox works to relax the contraction of muscles by blocking nerve impulses, resulting in muscles that can no longer contract, causing dynamic wrinkles (wrinkles that appear temporarily when a muscle contracts during facial expression) to relax and soften. It usually takes 2-14 days to see cosmetic improvement and the effects can last 3-6 months.

Side-note: Botox is not as effective on static wrinkles (wrinkles at rest). Static wrinkles are better treated surgically or with dermal fillers.

Who is Botox good for?
Botox is FDA approved for men and woman from ages 18-65. Although most think that Botox is for older people… It’s actually extremely preventative.  More and more, people are starting to realize this wonder.  For example, take a look at your mother, father, or any other older person you may encounter… Do you see any permanent wrinkles in between their eyes? Those wrinkles are caused by the corrugator muscle contracting over and over again. This contraction causes collagen breakdown every time the muscle contracts. So, the earlier you start getting Botox the less wrinkling you’ll get later in life. The older you get, the more you’re doing it just to treat those wrinkles, the younger you are, the more you’re doing to prevent them from occurring.

How much does Botox cost?
Average cost is $200-$400 per area and should be repeated every 3-6 months for optimal long-term results.  (I usually spend this amount every time I visit the supermarket)…  Perspective?

Botox timeline of events:
1895 – Emile van Ermengem, Belgian bacteriologist, found the producer of the botulin toxin was a bacterium, which he named Clostridium botulinum.

1928 – P. Tessmer Snipe and Hermann Sommer for the first time purified the toxin.

1949 – Arnold Burgen discovered that botulinum toxin blocks neuromuscular transmission through decreased acetylcholine release.

1960’s – Alan Scott, M.D., a San Francisco ophthalmologist, and Edward Schantz were the first to work on a standardized botulinum toxin preparation for therapeutic purposes.

1973 – Scott (now at Smith-Kettlewell Institute) used botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) in monkey experiments.

1980 – Botox was officially used for the first time in humans to treat strabismus “crossed eyes”, and “uncontrollable blinking”, blepharospasm.

1989 – The cosmetic effect of BTX-A on wrinkles was originally documented by a plastic surgeon from Sacramento, California, Dr. Richard Clark, and published in the journal Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.

1993 – Discovered that botulinum toxin could be used for the treatment of achalasia, a spasm of the lower esophageal sphincter.

1994 – Dr. Khalaf Bushara of Southend Hospital in England, showed that botulinum toxin injections inhibit sweating. This was the first demonstration of non-muscular use of BTX-A in humans.

December 21, 2000 – Botulinum Toxin Type B (BTX-B) received FDA approval for treatment of cervical dystonia.

April 12, 2002 – The FDA announced regulatory approval of botulinum toxin type A (Botox Cosmetic) to temporarily improve the appearance of moderate-to-severe frown lines between the eyebrows (glabellar lines)

June 2009 – Its use for treating hypertonic muscles helped an Australian man to walk again. He had required a wheelchair for mobility following a stroke 20 years prior

October 15, 2010 – Received FDA approval for treatment of chronic migraines.

Clearly, throughout the years, Botox has gone through many discoveries and has truly done and continues to do amazing things cosmetically and medically. To add on to this, here’s a full list of its cosmetic and non-cosmetic reported uses:

Cosmetic uses:

   

Glabella (frown lines between eyes)

 

   

Horizontal forehead lines

 

   

Crow’s feet

 

   

Bunny lines (horizontal lines on the bridge of nose)

 

Eyebrow lift

 

   

Upper and lower vertical lip lines

 

 

Gummy smile (excessive amount of gums showing while smiling)

 

Corners of the mouth that turn downward

 

Chin dimples “peach pit”

 

   

Platysmal bands of the neck


Non-cosmetic uses:
Muscle spasms
Cervical dystonia or spasmodic torticollis (a neuromuscular disorder involving the head and neck)
Blepharospasm (excessive blinking)
Severe primary axillary hyperhidrosis (excessive sweating)
Strabismus (crossed-eyes)
Achalasia (failure of the lower oesophageal sphincter to relax)
Chronic focal neuropathies
Migraine and other headache disorders
Idiopathic and neurogenic detrusor overactivity
Pediatric incontinence
Incontinence due to overactive bladder
Incontinence due to neurogenic bladder
Anal fissure
Vaginismus (to reduce the spasm of the vaginal muscles)
Movement disorders associated with injury or disease of the central nervous system including trauma, stroke, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, or cerebral palsy
Focal dystonias affecting the limbs, face, jaw, or vocal cords
TMJ pain disorders
Diabetic neuropathy
Wound healing
Excessive salivation
Vocal cord dysfunction (VCD) including spasmodic dysphonia and tremor
Reduction of the Masseter muscle for decreasing the apparent size of the lower jaw
Painful bladder syndrome
Detrusor sphincter dyssynergia and benign prostatic hyperplasia

Side-note:
The amount used for cosmetic purposes is an average of 15-30 units per area…
The amount used for non-cosmetic purposes is between 50-360 units per area…

The non-cosmetic amount is 12 times more than cosmetic amount used!

So as you can see, Botox offers a variety of solutions for a multitude of problems.  Its hard to believe that people still have negative beliefs about this product. To all of you still holding on to this opinion, I ask you … What’s so wrong with looking and feeling your best and better yet, what’s so wrong with helping the less fortunate person with one of the disorders listed?

I know I look and feel my best!

BTW… crow’s feet, forehead lines, frown lines, and lip lines all have been injected with Botox!  I love the results and trust that you will too!

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Hugs,
Fiona